The Urban Poor
The growth of the slums in the metropolitan cities in the third world in the last two or three decades has become one of the hallmarks of under development. The rapid growth in cities (specially the mega cities) has been accompanied by a rapid growth in the number of urban inhabitants (migration specially from rural areas to urban mega cities in search of jobs and hoping for better living).
Most of the migrants to these mega cities find only a small piece of land to live, in poorly serviced chawls, in unhygienic slums and in illegal squatter colonies. They work as street vendors, domestic servants, scavengers, small time mechanics, rag pickers and perform a host of other activites comprising the informal sector. About 68 per cent of the urban poor are women and children. They are vulnerable. They are exploited. It is seen that Urban poor are easily proned to drugs; the makes them poorer and poorer both on their economic and health front.
Squatting on encroached land, lacking access to essential amenities and being a constant prey to illness, the urban poor live a life of wnt and exploitation. Conventional approaches to organising and delivering services are inappropriate to their condition.
The Rural Poor
The rural India today is what it was fifty years ago as far as development goes. Though development process has been initiated in the rural sector either it has not been implemented or process as such not resulted in any gainto the rural masses. Secondly, the new innovation and technology developed/ introduced, has been confined to urban habitant hampering our rural masses. This is mainly due to lack of basic infrastructure facilities.
The issue of Women's Health and Employment is another component to be focused on in rural areas.
(1) Health: Most of the rural women suffer from one disease or the another. The chief among them are the reported cases of Reproductive system diseases.
(2) Unemployment: In order to empower women economically, an attempt should be made for identifying jobs for them especially through govt. sponsored income generating schemes.